Agreement That Ended Reconstruction In The South

As soon as he took office, President Hayes began to honour these commitments. Federal forces were withdrawn from Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina, effectively halting the reconstruction of these states; David M. Key of Tennessee was appointed General Manager. Railway workers began planning the construction of a south link with the Pacific Ocean; the president crossed the Potomac for a short visit; and southern states, particularly Louisiana, received more funding for local improvements. The withdrawal of federal troops from Louisiana essentially denied Packard`s claim to governor, based on the voices of the newly-granted African-American population. The outgoing president, Republican Ulysses S. Grant, abducted the Florida soldiers and, as president, Hayes abducted the remaining troops from South Carolina and Louisiana. As soon as the troops died, many white Republicans left the city, and the Redeemer Democrats, who already dominated other southern governments, took control. The exact terms of the agreement are somewhat disputed because the documents are insufficient. [1] The Democratic Party appointed Samuel J. Tilden, a famous New York lawyer who had overthrown the famous boss Tweed.

Hayes and Tilden were both in favour of conservative domination in the South and reform of the civil service. As the campaign did not raise any substantive issues, both parties turned to mud throws, with Republicans claiming that Democrats were Confederates and Democrats pointing the finger at corruption in the last Republican presidency. As the influence of radical republicans diminished in the South, other interests caught the attention of the countries of the North. Western expansion, Indian wars, corruption at all levels of government and the growth of industry have diverted attention from civil rights and the welfare of ex-slaves. By 1876, radical republican regimes had collapsed overall, with the exception of two of the former Confederate states, with the Democratic Party taking power. Despite the efforts of the Republicans, the elite of planters has regained control of the South. The group is known as the Redeemers, a coalition of pre-war Democrats and Union Whigs who were trying to reverse the changes brought about in the South by the civil war. Many were former plantation owners, known as “Bourbons,” whose policies concerned poor blacks and whites, which led to an increase in class division and racist violence in the post-war south. Nearly 600,000 black students, from children to the elderly, were in southern schools until 1877.

Although state reconstruction officials attempted to prohibit discrimination, new schools practiced racial segregation and black schools generally received less funding than white schools. The Black Churches recognized the importance of educational initiatives and helped raise funds for school construction and teacher compensation, and many missionaries from the North moved south to serve as teachers. The compromise had a price: it justified the Democrats to leave Tilden, because it would allow them to regain political power in the South. With this compromise, Republicans had implicitly abandoned their struggle for racial equality and the rights of blacks in the South.